CAIRO– It is one of the most compelling mysteries in sports.

Twenty years back, Egypt might point to a handful or two of excellent squash gamers in its history, and the last time it had produced a worldbeater was in the mid-60 s, when A.A. AbouTaleb won the British Open three years in a row.

Today, if triumph were cake, these people would be gluttons. The leading four men in the world rankings are Egyptian, and 6 more are in the top20 Given That 2003, an Egyptian has won the men’s world champion 10 times.

The supremacy of the Egyptian women may be much more remarkable, provided how few played the video game at the turn of the century. As with the men, all 4 of the leading woman squash gamers are Egyptian, including the world No. 1, Raneem El Welily. Reinforcements are on the way, too: The ladies’ junior nationwide group has won the world champion 7 years running.


Credit … James Hill for The New York Times

” I get asked all the time, ‘What is the big trick?'” El Welily stated in a current interview. “I inform them that is the million-dollar concern. Nobody really understands. But there are a couple of theories.”

Today, those theories were reviewed as Egypt showed its squash prowess in a quintessentially Egyptian setting. The Expert Squash Association held its ladies’s world champion, with the matches in the evening in an outside glass court set up in front of the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Studied in detail, Egypt’s squash hegemony offers lessons in how any country can contend in any specific sport, with the ideal combination of history, culture and location. In 1996, a breakout efficiency by a 19- year-old started a fad. The finest athletes in Egypt were drawn by squash’s brand-new cachet, which was strengthened when top American universities and prep schools began hiring here. It assists that the pros are clustered in two cities, that makes it easy for young gamers to view and gain from the greats.

Success begets success, and now Egypt’s biggest issue is a lagging supply of courts to fulfill demand. Omar El Borolossy, a previous No. 14, said there were more than 2,000 players ages 5 to 10 among his academy and two other squash clubs.

” That suffices to control squash for the next 20 years,” he said.

Much about Egypt’s playbook might be obtained throughout a check out to Cairo in September, at a three-day match gone to by 6 of the best squash clubs in the nation. Amongst the guys’s gamers were Ali Farag, the world No. 1; Tarek Momen, who is No. 3; and Karim Abdel Gawad, No. 4. On the females’s side were El Welily; Nouran Gohar, No. 2; Nour El Tayeb, No. 3; and Nour El Sherbini, No. 4.

There was no money on the line, no prize up for grabs. There wasn’t even much of an audience. It was like a video game of pickup basketball in which LeBron James, Elena Delle Donne and other greats from the N.B.A. and the W.N.B.A. got together to play, largely in private.

Among the players was an American, Sabrina Sobhy, who is ranked 52 nd. She was so astonished by the dominance of Egyptian squash players that in August she relocated to Cairo.

” I pertained to break the code,” she stated throughout prematch extending.

She quickly found out the most obvious part of Egyptian squash exceptionalism: focused quality. The United States has much more squash players– about 1.7 million, according U.S. Squash, the sport’s national governing body— and approximately 3,500 courts.

Egypt has about 400 courts and fewer than 10,000 players, say players and coaches. However the finest Egyptian players are bunched in about 10 clubs in 2 cities, Cairo and Alexandria, which are about a three-hour drive apart.

For aspiring gamers, proximity to achievement “resembles a performance-enhancing drug,” stated Daniel Coyle, author of “The Talent Code,” which narrates talent outbreaks in various sports and countries. “These young players get to see how the greats play, train, consume.”

But how did Egypt produce a lot talent in the very first location?

Some history. Squash was born at Harrow, an independent school in England, early in the 19 th century, and was exported to nests through clubs built for British officers. (To this day, Egyptian gamers score and referee their matches in English.) For years, the sport was a niche product in Egypt, till 1996, when young Ahmed Barada tore through the draw as a wild card at the inaugural Al-Ahram International, the very first time a competition was held next to the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Barada lost in the last, but his on-court hostility and hunky excellent looks, set against that ancient backdrop, made him a national hero. “A Star Is Born,” read a front-page headline in Al-Ahram, the paper that arranged the tournament. It helped that one of his most singing advocates was the president at the time, Hosni Mubarak, a squash gamer and enthusiast himself.

Barada won the Al-Ahram in 1998 and ultimately reached No. 2 worldwide rankings. He retired from the game in 2001, a year after he was stabbed near his house in Cairo, an unsolved crime. He tape-recorded an album of pop tunes, then starred in a romantic comedy called “Lady’s Love.” Today, he is an executive at a gold mining business who revels in the after-effects of his days on the court.

” Everybody wished to resemble me,” he said in a phone interview. “Those competitions were on television, so people who ‘d never ever become aware of squash were unexpectedly watching it. And there were 5,000 people in the stands.”

One of those people was El Welily, who was 8 at the time. Coyle refers to Barada’s breakout as “an ignition event”– an unlikely athletic achievement that influences others.

In 2003, Egypt had its first squash world champ in decades. It was Amr Shabana, a calisthenic lefty who combined exceptional speed with put-away shots as stunning as magic techniques. He won the title three more times. Beginning in 2006, an Egyptian has actually been the top-ranked male gamer 9 and a half of the last 13 years.

It assisted Egyptian squash that as it increased, competitors decreased, in part due to the fact that children in other countries where squash is popular, like Britain, had more options.

Considering That 2008, Britain has won 75 gold medals in three summertime Olympics, in sports as differed as boxing, diving, tennis, field hockey, sailing, swimming, taekwondo and track and field. Egypt has won none. (Squash has actually never been an Olympic sport, to the boundless inflammation of fans.)

For 20 years, squash has been the 2nd most distinguished sport in Egypt, behind soccer. So for Alexandria-born El Sherbini, 24, who had actually won 3 ladies’s world champions entering this tournament– she is understood here as Wonder Woman– a squash career was all but unavoidable.

Egyptians have likewise altered how squash is played. For decades, the game’s default strategy fixated using down an opponent through prolonged rallies. It’s a systematic, attrition-based approach that takes time, which Egyptians apparently do not have.

” Have you seen the method we drive?” said El Tayeb, the ladies’s world No. 3, throughout a break after a match.

Egyptian squash is dynamic and unstructured, with out-of-nowhere drop shots and misleading flicks of the wrist. Time and once again, players and coaches described their attitude toward the game as “unrestrained,” by which they imply it is improvised and unscientific. Most would rather play a match than refine a skill through recurring drilling.

El Tayeb and fellow professionals are not chasing riches, at least by the standards of more popular expert sports. The typical expert squash player makes about $100,000 a year, and the leading player earned about $280,000 in all of 2018, according to the website Improve Squash That’s roughly what tennis gamers made for reaching the round of 16 at the United States Open in 2019.

But squash has lots of social capital, and it is typically a path to a spot at a top American university or prep school. There are 4 Egyptian gamers at Harvard. Behind a number of the best young players in Egypt are moms and dads hoping their children will get the finest education.

” Egyptian moms are like our ace in the hole,” said Amir Wagih, a former member of Egypt’s national team and a full-time coach.

While there is a strong patriarchal and religious streak in many of Egypt, the players come from a little, somewhat privileged piece of society that is westernized. The ladies use skirts on the court, and aside from the periodic sniping by traditionalists on social networks, they don’t hear much sorrow about it.

” I hate to state it,” said Farag, “however we reside in two different worlds.”

On Friday night, the last of the females’s world championship was an all-Egyptian affair, and El Sherbini beat El Welily to take her fourth world title. To other countries, the draws are starting to appear uneven, and in a generation, that sensation might be more severe. Two pairs of top-five players have actually married: El Tayeb to Farag and El Welily to Momen.

Fair warning: Squash in Egypt could be in the early phase of its dynastic age.

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Marco Bitran
Husband and father of two children under age 5, Marco also enjoys walks in nature, squash, running road races, and photography. He regularly contributes significant time and resources to the Combined Jewish Philanthropies, the MSPCA and other animal rights organizations, and the Bitran Charitable Foundation. Marco has also volunteered and consulted for public housing support organizations such as the Somerville Homeless Coalition, created by the local community’s grassroots response to the social crisis of homelessness.